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The Department of Emergency Medicine is excited to announce that starting in July 2018 we will offer a fellowship in Global Emergency Medicine (GEM). The Department of Emergency Medicine has a strong commitment to expanding emergency care for the sick and wounded globally. Our global emergency medicine (GEM) program operates under the mission of capacity and resilience building and international crisis response.

Since 2009, our department has enjoyed a productive clinical and research capacity-building relationship with the Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) and the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS). The tangible products of this collaboration include the development of the MNH ED and the emergency medicine residency program at MUHAS. Both the ED and the residency program are the first of their kind in Tanzania and both are now staffed and run by locally-trained emergency physicians and nurses. To date, the research products of our inter-institutional collaboration have included 16 scientific abstract presentations (14 by a Tanzanian investigator) and 8 full-length peer-reviewed publications (5 with a Tanzanian first author and all with a Tanzanian second author). Our approach to this partnership has focused on sustainability and so all our research and educational activities are aimed at building local capacity. The emergency care in Tanzania is led by the Emergency Medical Association of Tanzania (EMAT).

The Department of Emergency Medicine also has a partnership with the disaster response, non-profit organization, Team Rubicon, with medical direction being provided by the Department of Emergency Medicine at CMC. 70% of Team Rubicon’s 75,000 volunteers are military veterans, allowing the organization to respond quickly and efficiently to disaster areas in the United States and internationally. Pairing the skills of military veterans with first responders and emergency medical personnel Team Rubicon can respond to international disaster responses.

The GEM fellowship is a 12 – 24-month fellowship, with a Master of Public Health degree from University of North Carolina, Gillings School of Public Health option for the 24-month fellowship. .

Fellowship Curriculum/Outline

Clinical Care

Average 12 hours/week clinical responsibility over the academic year for 49 weeks with 2 weeks of vacation and 1 week of CME. The clinical responsibility will be blocked to allow for longer international experiences.

Education Theme Blocks

  • Travel and Field Medicine
  • Humanitarian Relief
  • Disaster Management
  • EM Systems and Development
  • Public Health
  • Program Administration
  • Academic Skills

Fellow Didactics will be on Tuesdays when the fellow is in Charlotte.

Journal Clubs will be every three months and organized by the fellow.

Courses

  • Humanitarian Emergencies in Large Populations (HELP)
  • Global Health Intensive Course at CMC

Electives/International Experience

Electives allow fellows to gain experience in emergency settings, which include:

  • Muhimbili National Hospital Emergency Department, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2 – 3 months
  • Team Rubicon USA, International medical disaster response, 2-week disaster response rotations when organization is responding to international disaster

Clinical Sites

Carolinas Medical Center Main, Charlotte, North Carolina

Carolinas Medical Center is an 874-bed, community-based, tertiary care teaching hospital that serves as the only regional level-I trauma center, the State Poison Control Center, and is a tertiary referral center for Mecklenburg County and 16 surrounding counties in North and South Carolina. It is the flagship facility for the network that includes acute care facilities, subacute facilities, and clinics in North and South Carolina. As of November 2007 Levine Children's Hospital opened with 234 beds. Residency programs exist in all specialties including Emergency Medicine. The Emergency Medicine Residency is a PGY 1-3 program that includes 42 residents. Fellowship positions are offered in EMS, Toxicology, Ultrasound, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, and Research. There are 38 academic faculty members in the Department of Emergency Medicine as well as 2 adjunct assistant professors in the Department of Emergency Medicine from Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

The Emergency Department at Carolinas Medical Center manages over 115,000 patients each year, or about 300 to 320 patients per day.  The department features an unusually diverse mix of patient care opportunities including 30 percent medical, 27 percent surgical/traumatic, 25 percent pediatric, 15 percent obstetrical-gynecological, and 3 percent psychiatric and toxicological. Further, the socioeconomic diversity of our patient population sets us apart from other institutions. There four treatment areas: Major Treatment, Diagnostic Center, Ambulatory Emergency Center, and a 12-bed Children's ED. Patients are triaged to one of these four areas based on the acuity of illness. The Children's ED is first in the region that offers 24-hour emergency care for children in a family-centered environment. Two to four board-certified emergency medicine faculty members are present in the open areas 24-hours a day. Within the department are a satellite radiology suite. Additional features include digital X-ray, computerized labs and transcriptions, point-of-care testing, and wireless networking. 

CMC Global EM fellows will be classified as junior EM faculty and will work clinical shifts in the CMC ED as the attending physician. In this capacity, their responsibilities will include delivery of clinical patient care as well as the supervision and education of CMC residents and advanced care providers.

Emergency Medicine Department, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

The ED volume per day 150-200 patients (20% pediatrics). Specialty clinics attend 1000 patients a day, and the hospital has a bed capacity of 1500 patients. All specialties are available at the MNH Campus including medical, surgical, cardiovascular, trauma, pediatrics, and psychiatry. The fellow will become licensed to practice medicine in Tanzania. The medical licensure will be provided by the Medical Council of Tanzania for fellows wishing to treat patients. The Emergency Medicine Department at MNH has a total of 10 faculty (specialist in Emergency Medicine) who are available to provide mentorship.

Team Rubicon, USA

Dr. David Callaway serves as the Chief Medical Officer and Medical Director for Team Rubicon (TR) and Dr. Erin Noste serves the as the Deputy Medical Director. Currently, Dr. Noste is leading the efforts of Team Rubicon to become a verified Emergency Medical Team, Type I Mobile by the World Health Organization (WHO). Previous international disaster responses include:

  • Operation Tenzing, Kathmandu Nepal, April 25, 2015 to May 22, 2015 – TR deployed a medical team to aid the Nepalese people.
  • Operation Condor Flight, Ecuador, April 21, 2016 – May 1, 2016 – TR deployed a damage assessment and mobile medical team to support those affected by the 7.8 earthquake that struck the country’s central coast. 
  • Operation Hermes, Northern Greece, May 22, 2016 – January 31, 2017 – TR’s longest medical operation was to provide primary medical care at a clinic in Northern Greece to help alleviate suffering and prevent further injury to Syrian and Iraqi refugees. Drs. Callaway and Noste served as medical directors throughout the operation and developed patient care protocols and procedures for the extended medical operation.
  • Hurricane Maria, Dominica, September 26, 2017 – Team Rubicon was requested to send an Emergency Medical Team, Type 1 Mobile team to the island of Dominica by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
 

 Global Emergency Medicine Faculty

 

 

Erin Elizabeth Noste, MD
Fellowship Director

Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine

Erin was born in San Diego, CA where she grew up swimming and playing water polo. She attended the University of California, Santa Barbara for her undergraduate degree where she also played water polo. After a year of working in clinical research and traveling in Eastern Europe, Erin went to medical school at the University of California, Davis. She made the move out east for residency at Carolinas Medical Center and continued on with fellowships in Operational and Disaster Medicine and EMS. Erin is married to Todd Noste, who is studying mechanical engineering and is also a commercial salmon fisherman in Alaska during the summer.

   

Michael Runyon, MD, MPH
Associate Fellowship Director

Professor of Emergency Medicine

Mike worked full-time as a paramedic for five years before completing his undergraduate work at the University of West Florida in 1996, graduating summa cum laude with a B.A. in Interdisciplinary Social Science. He received his MD, with honors, from the University of Florida in 2000 and completed his emergency medicine residency at Carolinas Medical Center in 2003, serving as chief resident during his final year. He remained at CMC for a research fellowship, joined the Emergency Medicine Faculty in 2005, and served for several years as Assistant Residency Director and the Director of Medical Student Education. Mike founded the CMC Global Emergency Medicine Division and helped to develop the first emergency department and emergency medicine residency program in Tanzania, where he serves as an Honorary Lecturer at the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences in Dar es Salaam. He received his MPH from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health in 2015 and currently serves as the CMC EM Research Director and Chief of Academic Affairs and Faculty Development.                                  

   

Lee Morris, MD, MSPH
Department of Pediatrics & Pediatrics Infectious Disease
           

   

Emily White, MD
Department of Pediatrics
           

   
 

Kathryn T. Kopec, D.O.
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine

Kathy is joining the department and the division of medical toxicology after two years working at Duke University. She is originally from Clarkston, Michigan. Kathy did her undergraduate studies in biology at the University of Dayton and medical school at Michigan State College of Osteopathic Medicine. She completed her emergency medicine residency and medical toxicology fellowship at Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia, PA. In 2015 she moved to the Charlotte area with her goldendoodle, Kramer Roosevelt. Kathy enjoys traveling, sports, running, movies and good food.            

   

Denise Fraga, MD
Department of Emergency Medicine

Dr. Fraga finished her Ultrasound fellowship at Vanderbilt University (under the tutelage of CMC friend Rob Ferre). She is a graduate of Notre Dame (BS), University of Texas Austin (Master of Public Affairs), and medical school at University of Texas Houston. She did her EM residency at University of Maryland (where Sean Fox also went). Denise has tremendous work and life experiences including growing up in the Rio Grande Valley, working with NASA, working as Human Rights observer in Columbia, working on pediatric AIDS and oncology research, working in Guatemala and Lesotho internationally.            

   

 

David W. Callaway, MD, MPA
Department of Emergency Medicine

Dr. Callaway is an Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine at Carolinas Medical Center where he serves as the Director of the Division of Operational and Disaster Medicine and Medical Director of Carolinas MED-1. Dave joined our faculty in 2011. Prior to CMC, he served as a physician supporting the United States Marine Corps and was a Chief Resident at the Harvard Affiliated Emergency Medicine Residency, Boston. In 2008, he was awarded a Zuckerman Fellowship from the Center for Public Leadership, Harvard Kennedy School of Government to study leadership, national security and disaster response.

Dr. Callaway currently serves on the Defense Health Board Subcommittee on Trauma and Injury as well as the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care- two of the key U.S. advisory bodies for battlefield trauma care. He is the Co- Chairman of the Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care, a best practices R&D group charged with translating battlefield lessons learned to civilian high threat prehospital medicine.

Dr. Callaway has extensive civilian and military overseas experience in Iraq, Kuwait, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Burma, El Salvador and throughout Africa. In 2012, The World Economic Forum selected Dave as a Young Global Leader (YGL) based upon his innovative work in disaster, humanitarian and crisis medical response. His areas of interest are high reliability operations, innovation in disaster response, and crisis zone medicine.

   

 

Michael Gibbs, MD
Department Chair/Professor of Emergency Medicine

Mike received his medical degree at New York Medical College and then went on to complete training in Emergency Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. Mike joined the CMC faculty in 1993 and in the ensuing nine years he served as Medical Director of MedCenter Air and as Residency Program Director from 1999 to 2002.

In 2002 Mike was recruited to become Chief of Emergency Medicine at Maine Medical Center in Portland Maine. During his nine-year tenure in Maine Mike helped build a new emergency department, expand a nationally recognized residency program, and grow a successful clinical research program. He was also instrumental in a number of academic institutional initiatives including a major investment in all residency programs, the creation of a Simulation Center, and the forging of a new medical school relationship with the Tufts University School of Medicine.

Mike returned home to Charlotte in October of 2011 as Chair of Emergency Medicine. His academic interests include trauma, airway management, and medical errors. He is nationally recognized as a clinical educator and advocate for patient safety and academic excellence.

   

Juma A. Mfinanga, MD, MMED
Adjunt Assistant Professor Department of Emergency Medicine

Juma A. Mfinanga received his medical degree from the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in 2008. He completed EM residency training at MUHAS in 2013 in the program’s inaugural class, becoming one of the very first locally trained emergency physicians in Tanzania. During his training, he served as a chief resident and chairman of all postgraduates in the University.

Dr. Mfinanga is currently the Head of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), the largest national referral hospital in Tanzania. He also serves as coordinator of EMS and Disaster Medicine for MNH and is the country-wide coordinator for the Primary Trauma Care course. He is also a founding member and general secretary of the Emergency Medicine Association of Tanzania (EMAT), the national professional association charged with disseminating emergency care in Tanzania, serves as the treasurer of the Medical Association Tanzania (MAT), and is a member of the African Federation for Emergency Medicine (AFEM).

Dr. Mfinanga’s research interests include EMS, disaster medicine, and emergency trauma care.

   

Hendry Sawe, MD, MMED, MBA
Adjunt Assistant Professor Department of Emergency Medicine

Hendry R. Sawe received his medical degree at the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in 2008. He completed EM residency training at MUHAS in 2013 in the program’s inaugural class, becoming one of the first locally trained emergency physicians. During his training he served as a chief resident. He received his MBA degree from Mzumbe University in Dar es Salaam, in 2013.

Dr. Sawe is currently the Head of Department at MUHAS, and serves as Research and EM program director. He is also the deputy editor-in chief of the Tanzania Medical Journal, serves as president of the Emergency Medicine Association of Tanzania (EMAT), the national professional association charged with disseminating emergency care in Tanzania, and is vice-president of the African Federation for Emergency Medicine (AFEM).

Dr. Sawe’s research interests include HIV, sickle cell disease, EMS, and emergency trauma care.

   

Upendo George, MD MMED
Emergency Medicine Department, Muhimbili National Hospital

 

   
Irene Kulola, MD, MMED
Emergency Medicine Department, Muhimbili National Hospital
   

Catherine Reuben Shari, MD, MMED
Emergency Medicine Department, Muhimbili National Hospital

 

   

 

Global EM Peer-reviewed Publications

Shari CR, Sawe HR, Murray BL, Mwafongo VG, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS. Emergency blood transfusion practices among anaemic children presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania. BMC Hematol. 2017; 17: 19. 

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mbaya KR, Koka PM, Kilindimo SS, Runyon MS, Mwafongo VG, Wallis LA, Reynolds TA. Trauma burden in Tanzania: a one-day survey of all district and regional public hospitals. BMC Emerg Med. 2017;17(1):30. PMID: 29029604.

Mbarouk GS, Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Stein J, Levin S, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS, Reynolds TA, Olson KR. Patients with acute poisoning presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania. BMC Res Notes. 2017 Sep 16;10(1):482. PMID: 28915823

Young JR, Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Nshom E, Helm E, Moore CG, Runyon MS, Reynolds SL. Subdissociative intranasal ketamine plus standard pain therapy versus standard pain therapy in the treatment of paediatric sickle cell disease vaso-occlusive crises in resource-limited settings: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 10;7(7):e017190. PMID: 28698351

Schwarz, E, Kopec, KT, Wiegand, TJ, Wax, PM, Brent, J. Should We Be Using the Poison Severity Score? J Med Toxicol. 2017; 13(1): 1-11.

Santos, C, Wong, A, Vohra, A, Kopec, K, Kazzi, Z. The Global Education Toxicology toolkit (GETKIT): A One Day Course for Teaching Medical Toxicology in Developing Countries. J Med Toxicol. 2017; 13(1): 26. (Presented at the American College of Medical Toxicology Annual Scientific Meeting San Juan, PR, USA. March 2017)

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. The test characteristics of physician clinical gestalt for determining the presence and severity of anaemia in patients seen at the emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. Emerg Med J. 2016;33(5)338-44. PMID: 26612857

Sawe HR, Mfinanga J, Ringo F, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. HIV counseling and testing practices for children seen in an urban emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a retrospective cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2016; 6(2):e010298. PMID: 26880672   

Sawe HR, Haeffele C, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo VG, Reynolds TA. Predicting Fluid Responsiveness Using Bedside Ultrasound Measurements of the Inferior Vena Cava and Physician Gestalt in the Emergency Department of an Urban Public Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS One. 2016;11(9):e0162772. PubMed PMID: 27677085; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5038941.

Sawe HR, Rojo EM, Obogo M, Mfinanga JA, Kulola I, George U, Mwafongo V. The first Tanzanian Conference on Emergency Medicine. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016;6(4):170-171.

Sawe HR, Murray B, Jamieson J. Compassion fatigue in emergency providers: Experiences from Sub-Saharan Africa. Emerg Med Australas. 2016 Feb;28(1):109-11. PubMed PMID: 26777593.

Reynolds TA, Noble J, Paschal G, Sawe HR, Sohoni A, Shah S, Nicks B, Mwafongo VG, Stein J. Bedside ultrasound training at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Hospital San Carlos in Chiapas, Mexico. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016;6(3):125-131.

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Ringo FH, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Morbidity and Mortality following Traditional Uvulectomy among Children Presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital Emergency Department in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Emerg Med Int. 2015;2015:108247. PMID: 26161270

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Trends in mortality associated with opening of a full-capacity public emergency department at the main tertiary-level hospital in Tanzania. Int J Emerg Med. 2015;8:24. PMID: 26207149

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Lidenge SJ, Mpondo B, Msangi S, Lugazia E, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS, Reynolds TA. Disease patterns and clinical outcomes of patients admitted in intensive care units of tertiary referral hospitals of Tanzania. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2014;14:26. PMID: 25245028

Modisett KL, Koyfman A, Runyon MS. The diagnosis of and emergent care for the patient with subarachnoid haemorrhage in resource-limited settings. Af J Emerg Med. 2014;4:140–149.

Kopec, KT, Vohra, R, Brusin, K, Santos, J, Otong, R, Smith, EA, Brent, J, Wax, P. International ToxIC Registry of Poisoned Patients: Initial Glimpses from the Tox Services in Russia, Thailand and Mexico. J Med Toxicol. 2014; 10(1): 50. (Presented at the American College of Medical Toxicology Annual Scientific Meeting Phoenix, AZ, USA. March 2014)

Callaway DW, Noste EE, McCahill PW, Rossman AJ, Lempereur D, Kaney K and Swanson D. Time for a Revolution: Smart Energy and Microgrid Utilization in Disaster Response. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Vol. 8(3) pp. 252-259.

Vohra, R, Gosselin, S, Kopec, K, Gunja, N, Wong, A. ACMT International Member Survey, Summer 2013. J Med Toxicol. 2014; 10(1): 84. (Presented at the American College of Medical Toxicology Annual Scientific Meeting Phoenix, AZ, USA. March 2014)

Reynolds TA, Calvello EJ, Broccoli MC, Sawe HR, Millman N, Teklu S, Wallis LA. AFEM consensus conference 2013 summary: Emergency care in Africa – Where are we now? African Journal of Emergency medicine. 2014;4(3):158-163.

Runyon MS, Sawe HR, Levine AC, Pousson A, House DR, Agrawal P, MD, Osei-Ampofo M, Weiner SG, Douglass K. Clinical and translational research in global health and emergency care: a research agenda. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20:1272-7. PMID: 24341582

Hansoti B, Douglass K, Tupesis J, Runyon MS, Sanson T, Babcock C, Jacquet G, Schroeder ED, Hoffelder D, Martin I. Guidelines for safety of trainees rotating abroad: Consensus recommendations from the Global Emergency Medicine Academy of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors and the Emergency Medicine Residents’ Association. Acad Emerg Med 2013; 20: 413-20. PMID: 23701352

Pour TR, Koyfman A, Runyon MS. Emergency centre management of paediatric diarrhoea: An overview. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3:75-82.

Kopec, KT, Vohra, R, Brusin, K, Smith, EA, Brent, J, Wax, P. Development of an International Registry of Poisoned Patients Using ToxIC. Clinical Toxicology 2013; 51(7): 631. (Presented at the North American Congress of Clinical Toxicology. Atlanta, GA, USA. October 2013)

Reynolds TA, Mfinanga JA, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Mwafongo V. Emergency care capacity in africa: a clinical and educational initiative in tanzania. J Public Health Policy. 2012;33 Suppl 1:S126-37. PMID: 23254838

Callaway DW, Peabody CR, Hoffman A, Cote E, Moulton S, Baez AA, Nathanson L. Disaster Mobile Health Technology: Lessons from Haiti. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012 May 16:1-5.

Callaway DW, Yim ES, Stack C, Burkle FM Jr. Integrating the disaster cycle model into traditional disaster diplomacy concepts. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012 Mar;6(1):53-9.

Yim ES, Callaway DW, Fares S and Ciottone GR. Disaster Diplomacy: Current Controversies and Future Prospects. Prehosp Disaster Med 2009 Jul-Aug; 24(4):291-93.

Nicks BA, Sawe HR, Mfinangaa JA, Reynolds TA. The state of emergency medicine in the United Republic of Tanzania. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2012;2(3):97-102.

 

Global Emergency Research Abstract Presentations

Mfinanga J, Noste EE, Mwafongo VG, Runyon MS, Sawe HR. Hospital Outcomes for Injured Patients Presenting to an Urban Emergency Department at a Tertiary Hospital in East Africa. Acad Emerg Med 2017; 24 (Suppl. 1): S136 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2017, Orlando, FL).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Murray BL, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS, Makani J. The Clinical Presentation, Resource Utilization, and Outcomes of Patients with Sickle Cell Disease Presenting to the ED of the Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23 (Suppl. 1): S99 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2016, New Orleans, LA).

Sawe HR, Murray BL, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS, Kasongwa L. Intramural private practice as a model for financial sustainability of a public emergency department in a low income country - experience from dar es salaam, tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2015; 22 (Suppl. 1): S337 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2015, San Diego, CA).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga J, Ringo F, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS.HIV counseling and testing practices for children presenting to the emergency department of Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21 (5) Suppl. 1: S15 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2014, Dallas, TX).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga J, Reynolds TA, Ringo F, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS.Morbidity and mortality following traditional uvulectomy among children presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital emergency department in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21 (5) Suppl. 1: S158 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2014, Dallas, TX).

Yusuf SG, Runyon MS, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA. Medical evaluation abnormalities in acute psychotic patients seen at the emergency department of Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S25. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Yusuf SG, Sangey E, Dubal Y, Mfinanga J, Runyon MS. Descriptive analysis and lessons learned from the disaster medical response to an urban building collapse. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S25. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Chagani M, Kammer D, Wilson J, Runyon MS. Ultrasound for identification of pleural fluid in pneumonia. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S12-13. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Mgalula S, Reynolds T, Mwafongo V, Runyon, MS. Management of patients with non-traumatic hypotension presenting at emergency department Muhimbili national hospital. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S7-8. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Ringo FH, George U, Glomb N, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS, Reynolds T. Clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, treatment and diagnoses of febrile children presenting to the emergency department at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S22-23. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

George U, Ringo FH, Mwafongo V, Kautz J, Runyon MS, Reynolds T. The systemic inflammatory response syndrome as a predictor of mortality among febrile children in the emergency department. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S15. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa)

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Physicians' diagnostic accuracy in using simple clinical signs for detecting anemia and its severity in patients seen at the emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med. 2013; 20 (5) Suppl 1:S320-21 (Abstract presented by Dr. Sawe at the SAEM Annual Meeting and recognized as the “Best Resident Abstract Presentation,” 5/2013, Atlanta, GA). 

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Trends in ED and hospital mortality associated with opening of a full capacity emergency department in a tertiary level hospital in sub-Saharan Africa. Acad Emerg Med. 2013; 20 (5) Suppl 1:S323-24 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/2013, Atlanta, GA). 

Bullard MJ, Runyon MS, Javidi F, Robert H. Development of computer-based simulation and gaming for teaching emergency medicine in Tanzania: a resource limited environment. Simul Healthc 2012;7:552 (Abstract presented at the 13th International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare and recognized as the 3rd place abstract in the Technology Innovation Category, 1/ 2013, Orlando, FL). 

Bullard MJ, Runyon MS, Justis S, Robert H, Javidi F, Tucker M, Colley N. Development of computer-based simulation and gaming for teaching emergency medicine in Tanzania. (Abstract presented at the 6thInternational Conference on ICT for Development, Education, and Training, 05/2011, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)

Justus S, Mziray A, Mbaya K, Kilindimo S, Mwafongo V, Nicks B, Martin I, Williams S, Runyon MS. Development and implementation of a new emergency department in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2009, Cape Town, South Africa).

 

Global Emergency Medicine Contact Information

 Department of Emergency Medicine
Medical Education Bldg. Third Floor
1000 Blythe Blvd.
Charlotte, NC 28203

Telephone: 704-355-9360
Fax: 704-355-7047
E-mail: erin.noste@atriumhealth.org (Fellowship Director)

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