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Global EM Peer-Reviewed Publications

Shari CR, Sawe HR, Murray BL, Mwafongo VG, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS. Emergency blood transfusion practices among anaemic children presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania. BMC Hematol. 2017; 17: 19.

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mbaya KR, Koka PM, Kilindimo SS, Runyon MS, Mwafongo VG, Wallis LA, Reynolds TA. Trauma burden in Tanzania: a one-day survey of all district and regional public hospitals. BMC Emerg Med. 2017;17(1):30. PMID: 29029604.

Mbarouk GS, Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Stein J, Levin S, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS, Reynolds TA, Olson KR. Patients with acute poisoning presenting to an urban emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Tanzania. BMC Res Notes. 2017 Sep 16;10(1):482. PMID: 28915823

Young JR, Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Nshom E, Helm E, Moore CG, Runyon MS, Reynolds SL. Subdissociative intranasal ketamine plus standard pain therapy versus standard pain therapy in the treatment of paediatric sickle cell disease vaso-occlusive crises in resource-limited settings: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2017 Jul 10;7(7):e017190. PMID: 28698351

Schwarz, E, Kopec, KT, Wiegand, TJ, Wax, PM, Brent, J. Should We Be Using the Poison Severity Score? J Med Toxicol. 2017; 13(1): 1-11.

Santos, C, Wong, A, Vohra, A, Kopec, K, Kazzi, Z. The Global Education Toxicology toolkit (GETKIT): A One Day Course for Teaching Medical Toxicology in Developing Countries. J Med Toxicol. 2017; 13(1): 26. (Presented at the American College of Medical Toxicology Annual Scientific Meeting San Juan, PR, USA. March 2017)

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. The test characteristics of physician clinical gestalt for determining the presence and severity of anaemia in patients seen at the emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. Emerg Med J. 2016;33(5)338-44. PMID: 26612857

Sawe HR, Mfinanga J, Ringo F, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. HIV counseling and testing practices for children seen in an urban emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a retrospective cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2016; 6(2):e010298. PMID: 26880672

Sawe HR, Haeffele C, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo VG, Reynolds TA. Predicting Fluid Responsiveness Using Bedside Ultrasound Measurements of the Inferior Vena Cava and Physician Gestalt in the Emergency Department of an Urban Public Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS One. 2016;11(9):e0162772. PubMed PMID: 27677085; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5038941.

Sawe HR, Rojo EM, Obogo M, Mfinanga JA, Kulola I, George U, Mwafongo V. The first Tanzanian Conference on Emergency Medicine. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016;6(4):170-171.

Sawe HR
, Murray B, Jamieson J. Compassion fatigue in emergency providers: Experiences from Sub-Saharan Africa. Emerg Med Australas. 2016 Feb;28(1):109-11. PubMed PMID: 26777593.

Reynolds TA, Noble J, Paschal G, Sawe HR, Sohoni A, Shah S, Nicks B, Mwafongo VG, Stein J. Bedside ultrasound training at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Hospital San Carlos in Chiapas, Mexico. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016;6(3):125-131.

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Ringo FH, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Morbidity and Mortality following Traditional Uvulectomy among Children Presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital Emergency Department in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Emerg Med Int. 2015;2015:108247. PMID: 26161270

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Trends in mortality associated with opening of a full-capacity public emergency department at the main tertiary-level hospital in Tanzania. Int J Emerg Med. 2015;8:24. PMID: 26207149

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA
, Lidenge SJ, Mpondo B, Msangi S, Lugazia E, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS, Reynolds TA. Disease patterns and clinical outcomes of patients admitted in intensive care units of tertiary referral hospitals of Tanzania. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2014;14:26. PMID: 25245028

Modisett KL, Koyfman A, Runyon MS. The diagnosis of and emergent care for the patient with subarachnoid haemorrhage in resource-limited settings. Af J Emerg Med. 2014;4:140–149.

Kopec, KT, Vohra, R, Brusin, K, Santos, J, Otong, R, Smith, EA, Brent, J, Wax, P. International ToxIC Registry of Poisoned Patients: Initial Glimpses from the Tox Services in Russia, Thailand and Mexico. J Med Toxicol. 2014; 10(1): 50. (Presented at the American College of Medical Toxicology Annual Scientific Meeting Phoenix, AZ, USA. March 2014)

Callaway DW, Noste EE, McCahill PW, Rossman AJ, Lempereur D, Kaney K and Swanson D. Time for a Revolution: Smart Energy and Microgrid Utilization in Disaster Response. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, Vol. 8(3) pp. 252-259.

Vohra, R, Gosselin, S, Kopec, K, Gunja, N, Wong, A. ACMT International Member Survey, Summer 2013. J Med Toxicol. 2014; 10(1): 84. (Presented at the American College of Medical Toxicology Annual Scientific Meeting Phoenix, AZ, USA. March 2014)

Reynolds TA, Calvello EJ, Broccoli MC, Sawe HR, Millman N, Teklu S, Wallis LA. AFEM consensus conference 2013 summary: Emergency care in Africa – Where are we now? African Journal of Emergency medicine. 2014;4(3):158-163.

Runyon MS, Sawe HR, Levine AC, Pousson A, House DR, Agrawal P, MD, Osei-Ampofo M, Weiner SG, Douglass K. Clinical and translational research in global health and emergency care: a research agenda. Acad Emerg Med. 2013;20:1272-7. PMID: 24341582

Hansoti B, Douglass K, Tupesis J, Runyon MS, Sanson T, Babcock C, Jacquet G, Schroeder ED, Hoffelder D, Martin I. Guidelines for safety of trainees rotating abroad: Consensus recommendations from the Global Emergency Medicine Academy of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors and the Emergency Medicine Residents’ Association. Acad Emerg Med 2013; 20: 413-20. PMID: 23701352

Pour TR, Koyfman A, Runyon MS. Emergency centre management of paediatric diarrhoea: An overview. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3:75-82.

Kopec, KT, Vohra, R, Brusin, K, Smith, EA, Brent, J, Wax, P. Development of an International Registry of Poisoned Patients Using ToxIC. Clinical Toxicology 2013; 51(7): 631. (Presented at the North American Congress of Clinical Toxicology. Atlanta, GA, USA. October 2013)

Reynolds TA, Mfinanga JA, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Mwafongo V. Emergency care capacity in africa: a clinical and educational initiative in tanzania. J Public Health Policy. 2012;33 Suppl 1:S126-37. PMID: 23254838

Callaway DW, Peabody CR, Hoffman A, Cote E, Moulton S, Baez AA, Nathanson L. Disaster Mobile Health Technology: Lessons from Haiti. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012 May 16:1-5.

Callaway DW, Yim ES, Stack C, Burkle FM Jr. Integrating the disaster cycle model into traditional disaster diplomacy concepts. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012 Mar;6(1):53-9.

Yim ES, Callaway DW, Fares S and Ciottone GR. Disaster Diplomacy: Current Controversies and Future Prospects. Prehosp Disaster Med 2009 Jul-Aug; 24(4):291-93.

Nicks BA, Sawe HR, Mfinangaa JA, Reynolds TA. The state of emergency medicine in the United Republic of Tanzania. African Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2012;2(3):97-102.

Global Emergency Research Abstract Presentations

Dozois A, Nkondora N, Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS, Noste EE. Substance use among drivers involved in road traffic accidents presenting to a Tanzanian Referral Hospital. Acad Emerg Med 2019; 26 (Suppl. 1): S196 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/15/2019, Las Vegas, Nevada)

Dozois A, Mfinanga J, Runyon MS, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS, Sawe HR, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Simonis JM, Tanner DW, Noste EE. Comparison of injury severity and mortality of injured patients based on gender in Tanzania to the North America. (Abstract presented at the Arusha Lutheran Medical Center Emergency Medicine Symposium, 01/31/2019, Arusha, Tanzania)

Dozois A, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Mfinanga JA, Noste EE. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of burn patients presenting to a tertiary care
facility in East Africa. (Abstract presented at the African Conference of Emergency Medicine, 11/07/18, Kigali, Rwanda).

Noste EE, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Mfinanga JA, Dozois A. Injury through the years: Clinical characteristics and outcomes by age group of injured patients presenting to a Tanzanian Emergency Department. (Abstract presented at the African Conference of Emergency Medicine, 11/07/18, Kigali, Rwanda).

Sawe HR, Dozois A, Runyon MS, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Mfinanga JA, Noste EE. Clinical characteristics and outcomes of traumatic brain injury patients presenting to a tertiary care facility in east Africa. (Abstract presented at the African Conference of Emergency Medicine, 11/07/18, Kigali, Rwanda).

Simonis JM, Noste EE, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Tanner DW, Dozois A, Sawe HR. Comparison of injury severity and case fatality of injured pediatric patients in Tanzania to the United States. Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25 (Suppl. 1): S132 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/18/2018, Indianapolis, IN).

Noste EE, Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Tanner DW, Dozois A, Simonis JM. Comparison of Injury Severity and Case Fatality of Injured patients in Tanzania to the United States. Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25 (Suppl. 1): S132 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/18/2018, Indianapolis, IN).


Akomeah A, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Noste EE, Mfinanga J
. Emergency Medicine Residency Training in Africa: Overview of Curriculum. Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25 (Suppl. 1): S124 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/17/2018, Indianapolis, IN).

Dozois A, Mfinanga JA, Runyon MS, Sawe HR, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Simonis JM, Tanner DW, Noste EE. Comparison of injury severity and case fatality of injured patients based on gender in Tanzania to the United States. Comparison of Injury Severity and Case Fatality of Injured patients in Tanzania to the United States. Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25 (Suppl. 1): S95 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/17/2018, Indianapolis, IN).

Tanner DW, Sawe HR, Runyon MS, Nkondora P, Mwafongo V, Simonis JM, Dozois A, Mfinanga JA. Clinical characteristics and functional outcomes of road traffic injury patients presenting to a Tanzanian emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25 (Suppl. 1): S237 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/17/2018, Indianapolis, IN).

Mfinanga J, Noste EE, Mwafongo VG, Runyon MS, Sawe HR. Hospital Outcomes for Injured Patients Presenting to an Urban Emergency Department at a Tertiary Hospital in East Africa. Acad Emerg Med 2017; 24 (Suppl. 1): S136 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2017, Orlando, FL).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Murray BL, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS, Makani J. The Clinical Presentation, Resource Utilization, and Outcomes of Patients with Sickle Cell Disease Presenting to the ED of the Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23 (Suppl. 1): S99 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2016, New Orleans, LA).

Sawe HR, Murray BL, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS, Kasongwa L. Intramural private practice as a model for financial sustainability of a public emergency department in a low income country - experience from dar es salaam, tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2015; 22 (Suppl. 1): S337 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2015, San Diego, CA).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga J, Ringo F, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. HIV counseling and testing practices for children presenting to the emergency department of Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21 (5) Suppl. 1: S15 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2014, Dallas, TX).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga J, Reynolds TA, Ringo F, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS. Morbidity and mortality following traditional uvulectomy among children presenting to the Muhimbili National Hospital emergency department in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21 (5) Suppl. 1: S158 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 05/2014, Dallas, TX).

Yusuf SG, Runyon MS, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA. Medical evaluation abnormalities in acute psychotic patients seen at the emergency department of Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S25. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Yusuf SG, Sangey E, Dubal Y, Mfinanga J, Runyon MS. Descriptive analysis and lessons learned from the disaster medical response to an urban building collapse. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S25. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Chagani M, Kammer D, Wilson J, Runyon MS. Ultrasound for identification of pleural fluid in pneumonia. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S12-13. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Mgalula S, Reynolds T, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS. Management of patients with non-traumatic hypotension presenting at emergency department Muhimbili national hospital. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S7-8. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

Ringo FH, George U, Glomb N, Mwafongo V, Runyon MS, Reynolds T. Clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, treatment and diagnoses of febrile children presenting to the emergency department at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S22-23. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa).

George U, Ringo FH, Mwafongo V, Kautz J, Runyon MS, Reynolds T. The systemic inflammatory response syndrome as a predictor of mortality among febrile children in the emergency department. Af J Emerg Med 2013; 3(4):S15. (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2013, Cape Town, South Africa)

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Physicians' diagnostic accuracy in using simple clinical signs for detecting anemia and its severity in patients seen at the emergency department of a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. Acad Emerg Med. 2013; 20 (5) Suppl 1:S320-21 (Abstract presented by Dr. Sawe at the SAEM Annual Meeting and recognized as the “Best Resident Abstract Presentation,” 5/2013, Atlanta, GA).

Sawe HR, Mfinanga JA, Mwafongo V, Reynolds TA, Runyon MS. Trends in ED and hospital mortality associated with opening of a full capacity emergency department in a tertiary level hospital in sub-Saharan Africa. Acad Emerg Med. 2013; 20 (5) Suppl 1:S323-24 (Abstract presented at the SAEM Annual Meeting, 5/2013, Atlanta, GA).

Bullard MJ, Runyon MS, Javidi F, Robert H. Development of computer-based simulation and gaming for teaching emergency medicine in Tanzania: a resource limited environment. Simul Healthc 2012;7:552 (Abstract presented at the 13th International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare and recognized as the 3rd place abstract in the Technology Innovation Category, 1/ 2013, Orlando, FL).

Bullard MJ, Runyon MS, Justis S, Robert H, Javidi F, Tucker M, Colley N. Development of computer-based simulation and gaming for teaching emergency medicine in Tanzania. (Abstract presented at the 6thInternational Conference on ICT for Development, Education, and Training, 05/2011, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)

Justus S, Mziray A, Mbaya K, Kilindimo S, Mwafongo V, Nicks B, Martin I, Williams S, Runyon MS. Development and implementation of a new emergency department in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (Abstract presented at Emergency Medicine in the Developing World, 11/2009, Cape Town, South Africa).

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